When the amniotic fluid leaks during the labor, it is known as water break. This helps in identifying that the pregnant woman has entered the period of labor. However, if the amniotic fluid leaksbecause of the premature rupture of the membrane, it is called as leaking amniotic fluid.
During the final trimester, the fetus exerts a lot of pressure. Because of this, two things can happen- urine leakage and amniotic fluid leakage. You can easily distinguish between the two. As soon as you start leaking, place a pad in your underwear. Then, take the pad off. If you observe a colorless solution with a sweet smell, it is a leaking amniotic fluid. This great article from get healthy lab on leaking amniotic fluid for pregnant women will let you know why leaking amniotic fluid is caused.
Premature rupture of the amniotic sac
The most common reason why the amniotic fluid leaks before it is supposed to is because of the premature rupture of the amniotic sac. It mostly takes place during the 37th or the 38th week. Premature rupture of membrane is abbreviated as PROM. This is more often seen in women who have twins or a large baby. A large fetus or twins can exert way too much pressure that causes the rupture.
PROM can also be caused if the diet taken is poor or the pregnant woman consumes alcohol, drugs, and cigarettes. Other reasons for the cause of PROM can be infection in the uterus, vagina, cervix, or a bacterial infection. As a developmental defect, PROM can also be caused if your uterus is not properly developed.
Splitting of the Amniotic Sac Membrane
Amniotic fluid leakage can also be caused because of a small slit in the amniotic sac membrane. This does not have any specific reason. This can happen because of any reason. However, when this happens, there is a leak after which the leakage stops by itself as the slit gets healed soon.
Why You Need To Pay Attention?
In some cases of amniotic fluid leakage, there can be a complication if not taken care of. This is why as soon as you notice amniotic fluid leakage; you should go to the doctor immediately. Since amniotic fluid is needed for the proper development of the fetus, amniotic fluid leakage can hinder the proper development and cause developmental defects in a baby if left unnoticed. It can also cause an infection.
While these are some of the complications that can occur as a result of amniotic fluid leakage that is not taken care of, the worst thing that can happen is a miscarriage. When a pregnant woman has a leaking amniotic fluid in the first or second trimester, it can result into a stillborn baby or a miscarriage. This is why; during pregnancy a woman should regularly visit the doctor and never skip an appointment. Even slightest of abnormality should be reported to the doctor you consult so that the problem can be taken care of as soon as possible.